Nine months ago, a well-connected Arab American friend who worked as a consultant in Saudi Arabia organised a dinner at Fig & Olive in Washington D.C. to introduce me to Jamal Khashoggi and other professionals with an interest in the Arabic digital media landscape.
I wasn’t sure what to make of it. Jamal often liked and retweeted Raseef22 articles since its early days at the onset of Arab Spring. He tweeted articles one would not expect a Muslim Brotherhood journalist, or a Saudi Royalist, to share. I appreciated his opinions expressed in 140 characters or less.
Before our meeting, we had developed a channel of communication; we respected each other’s points of view which reflected the diversity and wealth of what is often called “the Arab world”. So, finally we were meeting - those awkward moments during which good virtual relations have to be interrupted by handshakes and small talk. Jamal is one of the biggest media stars who openly liked and generously supported Raseef22. I knew I was cornered. Whatever Jamal Khashoggi wanted to publish, I could hardly say no to my “new friend”. After all, my philosophy has been to cover the range from grassroots journalism written in a war zone under candle light to essays written from the comfort of a La-Z-Boy in the affluent D.C. suburbs.
Jamal was elegant and kind. He spoke in a most gentle Arabic, the closest I have heard to classical Arabic. I envy journalists like Jamal who actually structure their thoughts and sentences in Arabic. Jamal had it all, but he seemed tired, bored and homesick.
He was resettling in McLean, Virginia. Once a powerful journalist aware of the ins and outs of the Saudi street, intelligence, security, politics and foreign policy, suddenly Jamal was an average middle-aged man, in the depressing suburbs of Washington D.C. He had just started writing a column at the Washington Post, surely a step towards new beginnings. Remaining in touch with his extensive network of friends was not enough to occupy Jamal.
Around the dinner table, we discussed freedom of speech in the Arab world, the red lines that cannot be crossed, and what can be done to alter the media landscape dominated by governments and interest groups whose biased publications have repelled all readers, giving Raseef22 a good change to shine and acquire market share from the ruler owned “tabloids”.
Jamal was attentive when I discussed our readers and their interests, and carefully listened to my stories of journalists around the Arab world who were jailed because of what they wrote for Raseef22.
I told Jamal, Raseef22 targets every Arabic language reader looking for a better life, those that want a higher ceiling for freedoms, those that love their country and who would gladly return a green card to the U.S. Immigration officer preferring to stay in their homeland. We all smiled at the dinner table; as Arab Americans we are very familiar with this pain and yearning, especially in the Trump era, which is eerily similar to the Arab political scene we so loathe, except for the constitutional checks and balances.
At the conclusion of the dinner and after cracking a few “Levantine” jokes, we agreed to reconnect the next day to iron out a plan for Jamal to write for Raseef22, and so we did, agreeing a bi-weekly column. I was wary of what Jamal would submit for publishing, and he was wary about writing again without the podium he had enjoyed for decades. How can I refuse to publish an article that I would deem out of line with Raseef22’s editorial line? We were dealing with Jamal Khashoggi here. I shared the development with Hassan Abbas, the Political Section Editor of Raseef22, he too shared my concerns. We had to wait and see his first article.
A Stroke of Genius
Jamal started with a bang. His first article
called on the Muslim Brotherhood to quit politics. Titled as such, the article expressed Jamal’s then state of mind. He was gloating over the victories of this political Islam movement, he wrote: “The Muslim Brothers might not know that they have won, and that it is time they put the Party aside for it worries some of the region’s leaders. Political Islam is now the model of choice of large segments in Muslim societies, and only democracy is preventing them from governing or participating in government. With that, their moto should now be “Democracy is the Solution” rather than their previous moto “Islam is the Solution”".
Jamal laid it all out. He revealed his respect for the Muslim party and its long history, yet he clearly stated that religion and politics are not fungible, an opinion shared by most Raseef22 readers. He viewed democracy, not ideology, as the foundation of good rule.
The article was widely shared and effective, Jamal told a common friend whom I called last week to lament over our tragic loss. This friend said Jamal was happy writing again in Arabic and had the support of his large audience.
But it seems depression shadowed him all the time. One day he messaged me saying: “I need motivation, I feel quite depressed these days”. Jamal suggested many ideas for Raseef22, he particularly enjoyed the Culture section and referred to us the best writers in the field who share his passion for excellence. One day he said: Let us work on a listicle similar to the one published today (March 30) in the Washington Post on the top 40 films that influenced our daily language; and suggested the Egyptian line: “I rely on God and work as a Belly Dancer”. This suggestion reflected Jamal’s state of mind; he must have needed to make career decisions at the time, an eminent journalist who realised he would be marginalized if he does not take matters into his own hands, he added saying: “These days I must rely on the little money I can earn from writing”. At the time, I did not know that his family back in Saudi Arabia was not able to leave the Kingdom, they were effectively held hostage, which must have been a source of daily torment.
Back to MBS Reforms
In his second article
for Raseef22, Jamal wrote: “Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman is leading a reform campaign that will change the face and fabric of Saudi society…. In short, he is leading Saudi Arabia and Saudis from religious orthodoxy which was reflected in everyday life, society and the arts to the rich and joyful contemporary life.” Jamal particularly focused on labour market reforms which he considered key for any real reform, for Jamal circled in the world of affluent businessmen, leaders and royals, and clearly understood the Saudi economy. He despised the widely used “sponsorship” system, in which Saudis lend their name to foreign nationals who aren’t allowed to work directly in the Saudi markets, creating a lazy non-productive economy based on rentier capitalism. He wrote: “Reforming economic policy and job creation are the real renaissance of Saudi Arabia and should start from the poor neighbourhoods”—a clear poke at the Crown Prince’s Vision 2030.
The Saudi’s Guide to Entertainment
On the sudden interest in state sponsored Entertainment, Jamal wrote: What we, Saudis, should care for most is the transparency of the spending on entertainment, which could be happening at the expense of eroding subsidies on basic goods. Society itself wants entertainment and will supply it if allowed, but it cannot provide subsidies for those that need it. Maybe this is just a way to kick off the industry; let us wait and see and let us not forget that enjoying life also requires stability and justice.
Here Khashoggi again is focusing on justice and equity, realizing a state without equity and law is but a failed dictatorship scared of pluralism and the future, as was the case in the mid 80s in Saudi when everything was banned in the name of religion, giving free reign to religious authorities which had infinite lists of banned activities and restricted the population for too long.
Jamal at the Oslo Freedom Forum
At the Oslo Freedom Forum, which Jamal says he attended as a journalist concerned with freedoms rather than an activist, Jamal was like a child visiting a candy store for the first time. Thoroughly enjoying the panels and the diversity of issues presented in this three-day conference that gathered movers and shakers in the world of Human Rights, Jamal noted the weak representation of the Arab world. A friend at Human Rights Watch invited me to the 2017 edition of the Oslo Freedom Forum, so I could clearly relate to Jamal’s joy, and there I met Manal El-Sharif the Saudi activist arrested for driving while being a woman, who got a standing ovation when she shared her stories. Jamal called me from Oslo, with an idea of gathering a few other journalist friends of his from around the Arab world to cover trending stories, he suggested adding a newsroom to Raseef22 based on feature articles rather than agency news.
Jamal wrote: “I attended the Oslo Freedom Forum, a conference that guarantees you a booking in jail if you are planning to go back to our countries, it actually celebrates opposition, freedom and human rights. Here they applaud the opposition, the more the story is painful the more they respect those who tell it…. I attended as a journalist, not an activist, I am proud of my profession, a journalist who reports what he sees and thinks, though I applaud activists for without men like Gandhi and Mandela and others before them, life would not be the same for many. I remind myself that the Prophet Mohamad’s PBUH own call was one of freedom and choice.”
Fear of Prison
"We live in an era where jail is one of the tools of enslaving and controlling the masses. Laws are no longer protecting us, Jail has become the weapon of the ruler and his regime. It is no longer a punishment, it is part of the political bargaining and pressure tools to control society.” Jamal was afraid of ending up in jail like many other journalists around the Arab world, he wanted to go home, but did not want to experience jail, and in another article, went on to refute the idea that jail is a necessary evil for all activists to get ahead with their cause. Jamal could not bear the idea of a cell.
He recounted a television interview along with his “friend" Ali Shihabi – who runs the Arabia Foundation in Washington D.C. – during which the host asked Shihabi what would happen to Jamal if he went home. Shihabi confidently replied: Jails in Saudi Arabia are better than most jails in the Middle East.
Jamal was busy in late summer, on September 25th , I invited him for lunch in Washington DC to which he replied he was in Istanbul. On the 28th of September he said he was sending me an article, he wrote to me saying: "I want to write, it has been a while since I did".
That was the end of a good friendship.